What is the frontier thesis

Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in After his graduation from the University of Wisconsin inTurner decided to become a professional historian, and received his Ph.

What is the frontier thesis

Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis is the conclusion of Frederick Jackson Turner that the wellsprings of American exceptionalism and vitality have always been the American frontier, the region between urbanized, civilized society and the untamed wilderness.

In the thesis, the frontier created freedom, "breaking the bonds of custom, offering new experiences, [and] calling out new institutions and activities.

Turner set up an evolutionary model he had studied evolution with a leading geologistusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became the United States.

The first settlers who arrived on the east coast in the 17th century acted and thought like Europeans.

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They encountered a new environmental challenge that was quite different from what they had known. The most important difference was vast amounts of unused high quality farmland some of which was used by a few thousand Indians for hunting grounds.

They adapted to the new environment in certain ways — the sum of all the adaptations over the years would make them Americans. The next generation moved further inland.

What is the frontier thesis

It discarded more European aspects that were no longer useful, for example established churches, established aristocracies, intrusive government, and control of the best land by a small gentry class.

Every generation moved further west and became more American, and the settlers became more democratic and less tolerant of hierarchy.

They became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community.

Turner's thesis quickly became popular among intellectuals. It explained why the American people and American government were so different from Europeans. It sounded an alarming note about the future, since the U. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up.

The idea that the source of America's power and uniqueness was gone was a distressing concept.

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Many, including historian Theodore Roosevelt, who later became president, believed that the end of the frontier represented the beginning of a new stage in American life and that the United States must expand overseas.

For this reason, some see the Turner thesis as the impetus for a new wave in the history of United States imperialism. However, Turner's work, in contrast to Roosevelt's work The Winning of the West, places greater emphasis on the development of American republicanism than on territorial conquest and the subjugation of the Native Americans.FRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'SFRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'S.

What is the frontier thesis

Frederick Jackson Turner's "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" is arguably one of the most influential interpretations of the American past ever espoused.

Source for information on Frontier Thesis, Turner's: Dictionary of American History dictionary. With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that continues to influence historical thinking.

Frederick Jackson Turner (November 14, – March 14, ) was an American historian in the early 20th century, based at the University of Wisconsin until , and then at Harvard.

He was primarily known for his “Frontier Thesis.” He trained many PhDs who came to occupy prominent places in the history profession. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that American democracy was formed by the American frontier.

He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. Although Frederick Jackson Turner’s “frontier thesis”—that American democracy was the result of an abundance of free land—has long been seriously challenged and modified, it is clear that the plentifulness of virgin acres and the lack of workers to till them did cause a loosening of.

The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis is the conclusion of Frederick Jackson Turner that the wellsprings of American character and vitality have always been the American frontier, the region between civilized society and the untamed wilderness.

In the thesis, the frontier created freedom, "breaking the bonds of custom, offering new experiences.

Frederick Jackson Turner | American historian | iridis-photo-restoration.com