Not one of the 54 novels Jules Verne published in his lifetime was a utopia or dystopia.
Dystopian literature is used to "provide fresh perspectives on problematic social and political practices that might otherwise be taken for granted or considered natural and inevitable".
Dystopias usually extrapolate elements of contemporary society and thus can be read as political warnings. The novel We by Yevgeny Zamyatin predicts a post-apocalyptic future in which society is entirely based on logic and modeled after mechanical systems. George Orwell cited We as an influence on his Nineteen Eighty-Foura novel about Oceania, a state at perpetual war, its population controlled through propaganda.
Big Brother and the daily Two Minutes Hate set the tone for an all-pervasive self-censorship. Video games often include dystopias as well; notable examples include the Fallout series, BioShockand the later games of the Half-Life series. History of dystopian fiction[ edit ] The history of dystopian literature can be traced back to the 19th century.
Most experts in literature agree that the origins of dystopian fiction are rooted strongly in utopian fiction. It is based on imagined scenarios rather than real ones, but they are incorporated into storylines that readers can relate to the present.
Coming to the historical background of dystopian fiction, it is almost impossible to talk about it without referring to the historical background of utopian fiction.
The beginning of technological dystopian fiction can be traced back to E. Wellswhose work The Time Machine is also universally accepted[ by whom? Post World War IIeven more dystopian fiction was produced.
These works of fiction were interwoven with political commentary: There is a fine line between apocalyptic literature and dystopian literature, however the difference is mostly negligible.
The most striking feature of Dystopian fiction is its dynamic and ever-changing character. This is why the entire body of dystopian fiction is incredibly diverse and heterogenous. Works of this genre spanning different times and different years are different as authors carefully observed what was going on around them and then wrote on the issues that concerned them deeply, often putting a different spin on things.
Dystopian fiction has also found its way to the young adult YA genre of literature, as opposed to the more adult audience that it was originally meant for. Of the countries Lemuel Gulliver visits, Brobdingnag and Country of the Houyhnhnms approach a utopia; the others have significant dystopian aspects.
Many works combine elements of both utopias and dystopias. Typically, an observer from our world will journey to another place or time and see one society the author considers ideal, and another representing the worst possible outcome. The point is usually that the choices we make now may lead to a better or worse potential future world.
As another example, in the "Unwanteds" series by Lisa McMann, a paradox occurs where the outcasts from a complete dystopia are treated to absolute utopia, and therefore believe that those who were privileged in said dystopia were actually the unlucky ones. In another literary model, the imagined society journeys between elements of utopia and dystopia over the course of the novel or film.
Ecotopian fiction[ edit ] In ecotopian fiction, the author posits either a utopian or dystopian world revolving around environmental conservation or destruction. Danny Bloom coined the term "cli fi" inwith a Twitter boost from Margaret Atwood into cover climate change-related fiction but the theme has existed for decades.
Some other examples of ecological dystopias are depictions of Earth in the films Wall-E and Avatar. While eco-dystopias are more common, a small number of works depicting what might be called eco-utopia, or eco-utopian trends, have also been influential.
Kim Stanley Robinson has written a number of books dealing with environmental themes, including the Mars trilogy. Most notably, however, his Three Californias Trilogy contrasted an eco-dystopia with an eco-utopia, and a sort of middling-future. Robinson has also edited an anthology of short ecotopian fiction, called Future Primitive: There are a few dystopias that have an "anti-ecological" theme.
These are often characterized by a government that is overprotective of nature or a society that has lost most modern technology and struggles for survival. A good example of this is the novel Riddley Walker. Feminist utopias[ edit ] Another subgenre is feminist utopias and the overlapping category of feminist science fiction.Get an answer for 'What is the difference between a dystopian and science fiction novel?' and find homework help for other Brave New World questions at eNotes.
opposite of Utopia and Utopia. Video: Utopia & Dystopia: Definition, Characteristics & Examples In this lesson, we will learn about utopias and dystopias, two types of settings that often appear in speculative fiction or science fiction works.
Dystopia, which is the direct opposite of utopia, is a term used to describe a utopian society in which things have gone wrong. Both utopias and dystopias share characteristics of science fiction and fantasy, and both are usually set in a future in which technology has been used to create perfect living conditions.
Definition of Dystopia, Dystopian fiction · In its most basic sense, you could say that dystopia is the opposite of utopia, referring to fictional societies that are incredibly imperfect, lacking the harmonious and egalitarian qualities of life depicted in utopias.
utopian and dystopian tend to be (but aren't always) science fiction. a utopia is a setting or story where humanity is so much better off than on earth.
a dystopia is what looks to be the same, but we've lost something or things that make us human in the author's veiw.
as such, an intentional utopia could be seen as a dystopia, or vice versa. Best Dystopian and Post Apocalyptic Fiction Best Epic Fantasy Best Fantasy of the 21st Century Best Science Fiction Best Science Fiction of the 21st Century Best Science Fiction of the 20th Century Why clutter this list with the 'other world' fiction class?
"Best" Utopia/Dystopia is a good enough rumble without muddying the waters so much.