Slaves were bought and sold as objects and slave owners in the growing new nation were both horrible and kind to their slaves. During the writing of the Constitution of the United States, many of the members that signed the document were slave owners; although many, such as John Adams, were against the idea of slavery. Many of the plantations had been built and succeeded only because of the slaves.
Paternalism and the Southern Hierarchy: The Old South, as it would later be referred to, was politically, culturally, economically, and spiritually built around the institution of slavery.
Slavery was the foundation the strict southern hierarchy was based upon. Slaveholders, large and small, were at the pinnacle of the Southern society and the possibility of future slave purchase kept non-slaveholding families tied to this paternalistic hierarchy.
Slave ownership elevated the status of both genders, giving white women more power within the slaveholding system. Southern women associated paternalism with feminine power in their homes and in their communities.
Affluent white southern women, or southern mistresses, supported the institution of slavery because of the ideological agency slave ownership provided in the strict social hierarchy of the South.
Along with non-slave owners, who shared their want for enhanced status, many southern women were staunch advocates of slavery. They used paternalism to justify it while still adhering to their prescribed gender roles and actively sought to personify the moral arguments in support of the institution that gave them power in the larger society and the domestic sphere.
The South, highly dependent on the institution of slavery, was drastically different from the North; however, both portions of the nation conformed to the ideology of domesticity.
Americans subscribed to the idea that there were two separate spheres, the public sphere, belonging to men, and the private sphere, belonging to women. The public sphere involved the outside, the corrupt, the immoral, and only men were strong enough to face it without manipulation or defeat.
Women, seen as biologically weak, were fit for the private sphere where they provided their husbands with a moral sanctuary away from the emotionally draining public sphere. In this social framework, women only had a voice in domestic matters including the home and childcare, as well as moral or religious situations.
These rigid roles limited the authority a woman had in her community; she had no voice in the public realm. Even in the home, because her husband supported her legally and financially, the American woman in the antebellum period held almost no power.
Southern plantation mistresses portrayed the ultimate housewives because they were free of the manual labor associated with their domestic duties and were provided with leisure time to focus on their children and husbands.
However, this picture perfect image was not the reality of the Southern plantation mistress. The appearance of perfection was an important part of the hierarchy of the South. Non-slave-owning women clung to the belief that owning slaves would relieve them of domestic chores and transform them into the figure of the Southern plantation mistress.
Although wholly exaggerated, the women who did own slaves projected themselves to the rest of the South through the image of the mythical Southern mistress in order to uphold their role in society. By epitomizing the ideal southern mistress, a woman had the unique power to elevate the status of herself and her husband.
The social hierarchy in the South placed white women above the slave population based on race. This extra distinction gave Southern women a sense of societal superiority that was not as prevalent in the social structure of the North. In addition, the more a woman fit into the ideology of domesticity the higher her social standing became in both the North and the South.
According to Southern ideology, because slave ownership provided women with the opportunity to fulfill the domestic role to the fullest of their abilities the institution was moral.
Southern slaveholders used this reasoning to advocate slavery. Slavery was a gateway for women to enhance their already elevated position in society by better allowing them to conform to the ideology of domesticity as well as marking them as higher in the white power structure of the South.
Not only did a slave purchase alleviate them from domestic chores, it also provided them with enhanced agency in the home over their slaves, men included. Southern women, therefore, while still in the confines of the domestic ideology, experienced the private sphere in a drastically different way than Northern women due to the added defining element slavery held on their identities.
However, owning slaves was a way for Southern women to both excel in their domestic role and exert high levels of dominance over the slaves. This unique combination led women to use their racial superiority as a way to gain power, in both society and their homes, and compensate for their inferior status as females.In these ways the constitution provided those in favor of slavery with a strong argument.
Economics was an enormous factor in the support of slavery. The South was dependent of slave labor to run the large plantations that shipped King Cotton, their main product, out to the North as well as abroad.4/4(1). Essay on Southern Arguments For Slavery - In the United States there was a heated debate about the morality of slavery.
Supporters of slavery in the 18th century used legal, economic, and religious arguments to defend slavery. Just Reward. One of the moral arguments regarding slavery was a counterargument to the idea that the Southern U.S.
economy depended on the institution. Arguments for Secession: The federal government is instituting policies that go against the best interests of the South, such as tariffs that disproportionately hurt the South and attempts to free the slaves who work on Southern plantations.
Just as the colonists had the right to declare independence from Britain nearly a century ago, the South has the right to seek its independence from the Union. Slavery was the economic foundation in the southern states during the ’s.
The defenders of slavery in the south had several arguments that they used to rationalize slavery. One argument was that ending slavery would destroy the economy in the south. Feb 02, · The southern economy was so deeply tied to slavery that it would, arguably, disintegrate without that backbone.
Religious arguments from pro-slavery advocates evolved over the era. At first, the situation was said to date back to the Curse of Ham; however, eventually the argument strengthened into one claiming it to be “God’s will” for.