The region is drained by a number of seasonal rivers of which Banging, Dunn and Band are prominent. Maharaja assai Jag Sings shifted his capital from amber to Jasper due to military and geographical reasons.
Sisir Kumar Mitra The Nitisara of Kamandaki a post Maurya treatise narrating the elements of polity divided in twenty sargas and thirty six prakarans is dependent on the Arthasastra of Kautilya dealing inter alia with theories of social order authority and obligation of the temporal ruler theories of states structure and organs of government principles and policies of government inter state relations functions of envoys ambassadors and spies application of different political expedients varieties of battle arrays attitude towards morality etc.
Raja Rajendra Lala Mitra was the first to edit the text published by the Asiatic society spread over in 5 fascicles between and The Raja also undertook the English translation of the text but unfortunately white ants devoured the manuscript. This revised edition contains an analytical assessment of the treatise and in addition the first ever complete English translation of the text and is expected to be of immense value to the scholars of ancient Indian polity.
From the Jacket Sisir Kumar Mitra b. He joined the state education service and for over two decades taught the same subject in the honors course at the government Sanskrit College, Calcutta, Besides being a part time lecturer of the University of Calcutta.
A serious student a successful teacher Sisir Kumar Contributed papers in the field of political and social history of Ancient India and published his research desideratum. The early rulers of Khajuraho a product of intensive study on the early history of Bundelkhand.
In recognition of his devotion to research work. The Asiatic Society elected him a fellow The work is very scarce in Calcutta, and the only copy we could obtain for collation is contained in the Essays on indian art and architecture by rajkumar of the Asiatic Society, No. It has, however, one redeeming merit, a Sanskrit a commentary, not to be met with in the Benares MS.
In this respect the Panchatantra and the Hitopadesa of Vishnusarma have also been of service. Of the author of the work very little seems to be known. The commentary above cited, states that he was a disciple of the celebrated politician Chanakya, the Machiavel of India, who raised the first Mauriya king Chandragupta on the throne of Pataliputra BC.
From a report submitted by Dr. Frederich to the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences on the Sanskrit a literature of Bali, it appears that the most popular work in that Island on Polity is entitled Kamandakiya Nitisara, and all.
The Sanskrit a books there extant are acknowledged to be the counterparts of purely Indian originals. The researches of Sir Stamford Raffles and Craw furd shew that the predominance of Buddhism in the island of java obliged the Hindu inhabitants of that place to retire, in the fourth century of the Christian era, with their household gods and their sacred scriptures to the island of Bali, where they and their descendants have, ever since, most carefully preserved the authenticity of their literature and their religion.
It has also been shown by the same authorities that since the period of their exile, they have not had any religious intercourse with India; it would therefore follow that the Sanskrit a works now available in Bali, including the Kamandakiya Niti, are of a date- anterior to the 4th century.
The contents, however, of the Balenese code of morals are unknown, and it would be premature from the similarity of names, to infer its identity with the work now presented to the public yet the fact that the people of Bali, themselves acknowledge all their Sanskrit a literature to have been obtained from India would argue the existence of at least a Kamandakiya Nitisara at the time when that literature was imported from the shores of Bharatavarsha.
An internal evidence of some moment is in favor of the antiquity which tradition Chas ascribed to this work. Although written in verse its style is peculiarly unpoetical, and in its rude simplicity approaches the older Smritis.
The work has not, however, any of the antiquated grammatical forms and obsolete expressions which are so freely met with in Manu and occasionally in the other Smritis, and its versification is unexceptionable. Indeed, had it to be judged by its meters alone they would have justified the inference that its origin is due to a much later age than that of Kalidasa.
It has been observed by some that the use of the word hora in this work is fatal to its claim to antiquity, that word having been shown, in a paper published in the journal of the Asiatic Society Vol.
One of the most striking points in the general tone of the work is its gravity and sententiousness. Confucius, in his proverbs, scarely attempts anything more pithy; and yet in the anxiety of the author to lay down rules for even the most insignificant movements of kings, there is a dryness of detail which deprives it entirely of the charm of terseness.
Its gravity is essentially Oriental, while the morality of its state policy is more worthy of the notorious historiographer of Florence than of the successors of Bhrigu and other great sages of ancient India.
Its corner stone is cunning and artilice, intended-to favor arbitrary power, and its main object is to overcome party opposition. Considering that the political life of Chanakya was devoted to one eternal round of stratagems and artifices for the overthrow of his powerful rival, Rakshasa, of which forgery, perjury and even poisoning formed the most salient points, it is not to be wondered at that his principles, even when systematized by his pupil, should retain some indications of their tortuosity.
This defect, however, is confined entirely to the sections on diplomacy, and does not at all affect his rules regarding the general conduct of princes and their officers, which, in their earnest advocacy of truth, justice and honesty, would stand a very favorable comparison with works of much higher pretensions, Those rules are the originals whence the ethics of the Hitopadesa have been deduced, and the Hitopadesa is a work that has withstood the ordeal of criticism for near fifteen hundred years, and has not been found wanting.
As a book on morality it is better known and "has been translated more frequently and into a greater variety of languages than any other composition not sacred". It might be argued that in the infancy of race, as in the childhood of man, the apologue or fable is the only form in which moral counsel is successfully imparted, and hence it would be much more reasonable to suppose the Hitopadesa to be the archetype of the Kamandakiya Niti, than the latter to be that of the former.
But it is no less true that in the early state of society, concise rules and flashing proverbs, "the condensed conclusions of experience" form better guides of life, and are therefore, more generally esteemed, than protracted ratio—citations in search of general principles, and hence it is that all our wise men of antiquity from Solomon downwards, are more noted for their proverbs than lengthy processes of inference.The book focuses on medium and long term outlook of Indian economy in the light of post-demonetization impact analysis.
The book is also proposed to bring about demonetization debates and discussion in perspective and examine it in the light of digital options for the economy. Essays on Indian Art and Architecture: Vol.
3 Hardcover – by Raj Kumar (Author) Be the first to review this item. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" Author: Raj Kumar. Jul 06, · Apart from the 47 novels, also wrote 31 plays, 4 short stories, 6 books of essays and sketches, 13 books on art, including a history of world art in Kannada and a work on Chalukyan sculpture and architecture, a standard treatise on the Yakshagana (with which dramatic form, his name is identified), a 3 volume book of knowledge for children, a 4.
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