An analysis of the sanity of hamlet by william shakespeare

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On this question there are four different hypotheses: From the outline already given it will be seen that the first of these hypotheses is assumed. But before stating reasons in support of this assumption, it will be convenient to consider the views of those who hold that Hamlet was more or less insane from the time at which the Ghost appeared to him.

On this point the experts, the "mad-doctors", as they are sometimes called, are tolerably unanimous. Ray asserts that "the integrity of every train of reason is marred by some intrusion of disease: Nothing is more so than a fondness of annoying those whom they dislike by ridicule, raillery, satire, vulgarity, and every other species of shame.

Now I am not of course going to set my ignorance against the profound knowledge of these experts; I readily accept all the statements set out as to the symptoms of madness; and yet I deny the conclusion at which the experts have arrived.

If he could acquire a knowledge so intimate, so accurate, so profound, of madness in its various phases, what is there to hinder his endowing one of his characters with the power of assuming those phases? If the other persons associated with him could at once discover that the madness was put on, of course the entire action would be marred, and the object for which the pretended madness would be designed would be defeated by the discovery.

An analysis of the sanity of hamlet by william shakespeare

To show this consistency, it will be necessary to follow his behaviour step by step. The first show of eccentricity, then, is immediately after the revelation made to him by the Ghost, and this is closely followed by the warning to Horatio and Marcellus that he may hereafter find it expedient "to put an antic disposition on.

No more crafty design could have been conceived for hoodwinking Polonius, and through him the king, by whom he was held in so high esteem for his penetration. Their sudden return to Elsinore strikes Hamlet as something strange, and he quickly guesses that the king is at the bottom of it.

With them, however, it is necessary for him to play a somewhat different role. His first object is to ascertain whether they have been set as spies upon him, and without much difficulty he turns them completely inside out, while the apparently irrelevant observations he makes from time to time, together with the confidence he pretends to repose in them as to his state of mind, impresses them with the idea of his insanity; none the less firmly that he deprecates such an idea by declaring that he is "but mad north-north-west.

That the strain upon him has been great in keeping up appearances is plain enough from the relief he expresses when left alone; and the soliloquy which follows betrays nothing of incoherence or mental derangement.

His want of resolution to act immediately is indeed manifest, but it is as manifest to himself as to us.

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We next see him just before his interview with Ophelia, and to his despairing monologue no one has ever imputed the smallest taint of diseased intellect, though it has been argued that a madman in a lucid interval might reason with equal force and clearness.

He no doubt suspects that Ophelia, like Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, has been sent to probe his malady. He probably further suspects that he is being secretly watched, and he can be quite certain that his words and actions will be reported to Polonius, that is, to the king.

But over and above all this his feelings towards Ophelia place him in a perilous position. Against the fond dictates of a love which bid him take her to his heart, he has to wage a terrible struggle.

To give her the slightest opportunity of exercising her magic influence will be to sacrifice his oath to the spirit of his father. Short, sharp, questions to herself, bitter invectives against the fickleness of her sex, mingled with cynical accusations of himself and his sex, alone will serve his turn; and if it is urged that his stern resolve passes into cruelty, it may be answered that beneath the ice of seeming heartlessness are raging the fierce fires of well-nigh overpowering love.

For awhile after this torturing scene Hamlet has no need to assume his disguise. For we next find him with the players, to whom he is giving directions as to the manner of their acting.

With them it matters nothing that he should appear in his sound senses; they are not likely to have either the opportunity or the wish to betray him. In his instructions to them, therefore, there is no admixture of "wild and whirling words"; nothing in fact that is not eminently judicious and to the point.

So, too, when Horatio joins him, his intellect is as calm and clear, his reasoning as sound, the expression of his feelings as sober, and the plan of action he announces as practical, as the most exacting judge could desire.

Contrast his demeanour then with the instantaneous change upon the entry of the king; contrast it with his behaviour to Polonius while the play is preparing, and to Ophelia during the action of the play; note his irrepressible exultation, when alone with Horatio, at the success of his stratagem, and again the immediate resumption of his "antic disposition" upon the re-entry of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.One of the many talents of the playwright William Shakespeare was that he broke the limiting mold of the one-dimensional character by representing characters in all of their human complexity.

What happens when a work of fiction, so old or so well-known that knowing its ending doesn't even count as a spoiler, is adapted into a new installment?Mostly the adapters choose to keep the main plot points, so the twist ending will stay, and thus there will be no twist at all.

Ethiopia - Itm Scandinabian Impression, Dokyniels LAN, Trio Montmart, Nils Dorkey Trio The Three Little Pigs, Moira Butterfield At School, James Nixon Tricks, Scams and Practical Jokes, Geoff Tibballs . Directories. The World Wide Web contains several indexes to Hamlet and Shakespeare related sites.

Below are three of the more authoritative and comprehensive connections to sites about Hamlet.

Hamlet - Wikipedia

A short William Shakespeare biography describes William Shakespeare's life, times, and work. Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced Hamlet.

An analysis of the sanity of hamlet by william shakespeare

In Hamlet, Hamlet is confronted with the darker aspects of human nature when he discovers that his father was murdered by his uncle, who is now married to his mother. Throughout the play, he.

SparkNotes: Hamlet: Context